ROME, ITALY
«03-08Octobre2022»


Photos © Ruud Leeuw


 

We hadn't been to Rome in decades, and after Genoa and Venice in recent times it was high time we went. On this long overdue visit to The Eternal City ('La Città Eterna') I tried to steer away from the obvious buildings and architecture and maintain, as much as possible, my focus on my interests: streetphotography, urban art and anything to do with photography.
But the backdrop remain of course a city so rich in history (the Kings, Popes, sackings and rebuilts) and culinary delights!
Enjoy!

PAGE ONE CLASSICO | PAGE TWO B&W | PAGE THREE STREETS | PAGE FOUR URBAN ART

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Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
The world discussed over coffees. Shot from my breakfast table, an excellent start of the day!

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
The bookshop 'Otherwise', an excellent English Bookshop in the center of Rome.
www.facebook.com/otherwisebookshop

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
Plenty of interesting graffiti in Rome, particularly in Trastevere

 


Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

According to legend, the city of Rome was founded in 753 BC on the banks of the Tiber about 25 km from the sea at Ostia.
Tiber Island, in the center of the river between Trastevere and the ancient city center, was the site of an important ancient ford and was later bridged.
Legend says Rome's founders, the twin brothers Romulus and Remus, were abandoned on its waters, where they were rescued by the she-wolf, Lupa.
The Tiber was critically important to Roman trade and commerce, as ships could reach as far as 100 km upriver; some evidence indicates that it was used to ship grain from the Val Teverina as long ago as the 5th century BC.
It was later used to ship stone, timber, and foodstuffs to Rome. [¬Wikipedia]

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

During the Punic Wars of the 3rd century BC, the harbour at Ostia became a key naval base. It later became Rome's most important port, where wheat, olive oil, and wine were imported from Rome's colonies around the Mediterranean.
Wharves were also built along the riverside in Rome itself, lining the riverbanks around the Campus Martius area. The Romans connected the river with a sewer system (the Cloaca Maxima) and with an underground network of tunnels and other channels, to bring its water into the middle of the city.

Several popes attempted to improve navigation on the Tiber in the 17th and 18th centuries, with extensive dredging continuing into the 19th century. Trade was boosted for a while, but by the 20th century, silting had resulted in the river only being navigable as far as Rome.
The Tiber was once known for its floods — the Campus Martius is a flood plain and would regularly flood to a depth of 2m. The river is now confined between high stone embankments, which were begun in 1876.
Within the city, the riverbanks are lined by boulevards known as lungoteveri, streets "along the Tiber". [¬Wikipedia]

The Forum Romanum (Roman Forum)
Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

The fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called the fall of the Roman Empire or the fall of Rome) was the loss of central political control in the Western Roman Empire, a process in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities.
The Roman Empire lost the strengths that had allowed it to exercise effective control over its Western provinces; modern historians posit factors including the effectiveness and numbers of the army, the health and numbers of the Roman population, the strength of the economy, the competence of the emperors, the internal struggles for power, the religious changes of the period, and the efficiency of the civil administration.
Increasing pressure from invading barbarians outside Roman culture also contributed greatly to the collapse.
Wikipedia]

Circus Maximus
Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
The Circus Maximus (Latin for 'largest circus'; Italian: Circo Massimo) is an ancient Roman chariot-racing stadium
and mass entertainment venue in Rome.

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

The Circus Maximus was sited on the level ground of the Valley of Murcia, between Rome's Aventine and Palatine Hills. In Rome's early days, the valley would have been rich agricultural land, prone to flooding from the river Tiber.
In Livy's History of Rome, the first Etruscan king of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, built raised, wooden perimeter seating at the Circus for Rome's highest echelons (the equites and patricians), probably midway along the Palatine straight, with an awning against the sun and rain. His grandson, Tarquinius Superbus, added the first seating for citizen-commoners (plebs, or plebeians).

In the 190s BC, stone track-side seating was built, exclusively for senators.
Permanent wooden starting stalls were built in 329 BC. They were gated, brightly painted, and staggered to equalise the distances from each start place to the central barrier. In theory, they might have accommodated up to 25 four-horse chariots (Quadrigas) abreast but when team-racing was introduced. [¬Wikipedia]


Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
We walked to the nearby metro station

 


Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
A statue on Ponte Sant'Angelo. I have been unable to identify the maker of this statue, it did not yet show on Google Streetview. This bridge was built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian. It is now a footbridge.

 


Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
The 'Homeless Jesus' statue. I came across an identical statue in Glasgow earlier this year, which I identified as
'a large life-sized bronze sculpture by Timothy Schmalz'. See my Travelogue Glasgow 2022.

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
At the Città del Vaticano. A prayer before going to sleep.

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
From a distance this musician, who played an excellent tume, reminded me of Chris Rea (a music hero of mine).

 


Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
Next to the Porta Tiburtina (or Porta San Lorenzo), a gate in the Aurelian Walls of Rome,
Here the Via Tiburtina exits the city, but we were on our way to nearby San Lorenzo, for murals and graffiti.

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
One of the many excellent statues in the grounds of Villa Borghese.

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
He lost his head..

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
He lost his everything except his head..

Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
Shot from inside a taxi.
Funny thing here: one cannot hail a cab in passing, either one goes to a taxi station (which I found hard to find) or
order one (how?) to an exact location.

 


Travelogue Rome 2022 - by Ruud Leeuw
Books and more books. All in Italian, so not of use to me. But the 'Holland' title caught my attention!

 

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See also my early visits to Rome 1987 + 1991


Created 10-Nov-2022 | Updated 11-Nov-2022

 

 

 

Created: 20-May-2022 | 06-Jun-2022