Rome (Italy), 1991

Photos © Ruud Leeuw Photos © Ruud Leeuw


Rome, Italy
We flew KLM to Rome in Oct.1991. The return trip was on Alitalia. A KLM cabin attendant dropped hot coffee in my lap, the Alitalia flight I remember best for the free wine they served wth dinner. Guess which flight I preferred best?! Rain fell upon our arrival in Rome, but we enjoyed sunny weather most of the time.

We stayed in Hotel/Pensione 'Fiori' in the Via Nazionale, very centrally located. It took only a 10 minutes walk to get to the Piazza della Repubblica. If we turned the corner from the Via Nazionale into Via Serpentie, where we dined most nights in one of the many small restaurants, we saw the Colosseum in the distance. You could be nowhere else than in Rome, Italy!

Rome, Italy
Piazza de Quirinale

The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply the Quirinale) is the current official residence of the President of the Italian Republic on the Quirinal Hill, the tallest of the seven hills of Rome.
The palace, located on the Via del Quirinale and facing onto the Piazza del Quirinale, was built in 1573 by Pope Gregory XIII as a papal summer residence. It was also used as the location for papal conclaves in 1823, 1829, 1831, and 1846. It served as a papal residence and housed the central offices responsible for the civil government of the Papal States until 1870.
In September, 1870, what was left of the Papal States was overthrown. About five months later, in 1871, Rome became the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy.
The palace became the official royal residence of the Kings of Italy, though some monarchs, notably King Victor Emmanuel III (reigned 1900-1946) actually lived in a private residence elsewhere, the Quirinale being used simply as an office and for state functions. The monarchy was abolished in 1946 and the Palace became the official residence and workplace for the Presidents of the Italian Republic. [Wikipedia]

Everybody flocks to the Trevi Fountain, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city. People throwing coins in a pool of water of any size annoys me so much, infantile behaviour. This Trevi Fountain certainly got its share. I don't much care for baroque, I found it more enjoyable to watch the people around me.
It is a good place to eat your sandwich, compiled in the local supermarket (bread, chunk of brie, salami and cola & water to wash it down), ample opportunity to enjoy a cheap-sit-down-lunch.




Campo de' Fiori
We arrived here when the market had ended and people were cleaning up.
It is within walking distance from the river Tiber and besides this area being a historic neighbourhood, there are lots of nice (probably expensive) boutiques for (window) shopping.

Campo de' Fiori is a rectangular piazza near Piazza Navona in Rome, on the border of rione Parione and rione Regola. Campo de' Fiori, translated literally from Italian, means "field of flowers." The name was first given during the Middle Ages when the area was actually a meadow...
In Ancient Rome the area was unused space between Pompey's Theatre and the flood-prone Tiber. Though the Orsini established themselves on the south flank of the space in the 13th century, until the 15th century the square remained undeveloped. The first church in the immediate vicinity was built during the pontificate of Boniface IX (1389-1404).
Capital punishments used to be held publicly in Campo de' Fiori.
Here, on 17Feb1600, the philosopher Giordano Bruno was burnt alive by the Roman Inquisition because his ideas (such as heliocentrism) were deemed dangerous and all of his work was placed on the Index of Forbidden Books by the Holy Office. [Wikipedia, more..]

Beauty and Art
This woman was waiting for someone, but she could not wait at the curb as men in cars and on scooters stopped and adressed her.. So she turned around and admired the art on display!
I just admired the symmetrie..



Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, usually known only as Santa Maria degli Angeli, is a church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, to the angels and to the Christian slaves who died building the Baths of Diocletian.
The church was built in the remains of the Baths of Diocletian by orders of Pope Pius IV (1559-1565), after a Sicilian priest, Fr. Antonio Lo Duca, had a vision of angels in the ruins in 1541. Pius IV then ordered a church built there. Michelangelo designed it and started the work in 1563, and after his death in 1564 (indicentally the same year that Fr. Lo Duca died) his design was completed by Jacopo Lo Duca, nephew of Fr. Antonio and pupil of Michelangelo. Although the interior has changed considerably and the floor has been raised a few feet, this is one of the places where you can best appreciate the size and splendour of the imperial baths.

The Saint Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. They wanted me to hand over my camerabag, something I don't take kindly too. So I didn't go in, except to snap this picture when the guard didn't look.


We walked a lot, crisscross through the city until our feet hurt. Our hotel was not far from the Forum Romanum and we passed this scene a number of times. We have visited the Roman Forum on a previous visit to Rome so we did not enter the grounds, but I just had to take some photos each time we passed it.

The area of the forum was originally a grassy wetland. It was drained in the 7th century BC by building the Cloaca Maxima, a large covered sewer system that drained into the Tiber River, as more people began to settle between the two hills.
According to tradition, the forum's beginnings are connected with the alliance between Romulus, the first king of Rome controlling the Palatine hill, and his rival, Titus Tatius who occupied the Capitoline hill. Accordingly, an alliance formed after combat had been halted by the prayers and cries of the Sabine Women.
The second king, Numa Pompilius, is said to have begun the cult of Vesta, building its house and temple as well as the Regia as the city's first royal palace. Later Tullus Hostilius erected the Curia and enclosed the Comitium. In 600 BC Tarquinius Priscus had the area paved for the first time.
Over time the Comitium was lost to the ever-growing Curia and Julius Caesar's rearranging of the forum before his assassination in 44 BC. After Caesar's death Octavius finished the work.
Many of the forum's temples are from either the kingdom or the Republican era. Many have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. [Wikipedia, more..]


'Monte Capitolino' is the smallest of the 7 hills Rome has been built on and also the most well-known.
These days the authorities of the city have their offices here. The photo shows the 'Piazza del Campidoglio'. This hill is right next to the Roman Forum and was only 15 minutes walking from our hotel.

The Museo Nazionale was a disappointment as 80% of the museum was closed to visitors, due ongoing restorations. They don't tell you that when you buy a ticket...





We ran into a shoot of a commercial for furcoats, at the Piazza di Spagna.
I wonder if she made it to the big time, she certainly had the looks for it!

the End



Created 01-Aug-2009,
Updated 11-Nov-2022