USA 2012

Alaska Aviation Museum,
Lake Hood, Anchorage

Copyright Ruud Leeuw Photos © R.Leeuw

There is so much aviation activity in the area, that there is an obvious danger of overlooking this fine aviation museum. Looking around before entering, one hears the roar of heavy jet engines taking off at Anchorage IAP, the seaplanes landing at Lake Hood fly overhead, while a bit further down bushplanes on wheels touch down or take off.
At the rim of Anchorage city sits Elmendorf AFB, where the military have a considerable air force based; in the center of town is Merrill Field, in itself a location saturated with history.
But the museum has a firm grip on Alaska's fascinating aviation past, planes on display and tales ready for reading of those aviation pioneers which made aviation take off as an industry, an identity even, against the odds of the harsh, unforgiven climate here on the Last Frontier.
Take a few hours to visit the museum and do like I did: go again upon a next visit! You won't regret it.
Meanwhile enjoy my photoreport of this June 2012 visit.

 

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Stearman C2B NC5415, manufactured in 1928, was owned by several firms and flown by a number of individuals., some of them famous pioneers!
These included Arctic Prospecting & Developing Company of Fairbanks (certificate signed by Walter Varney) in June of 1928, to Noel Wien of Alaska Airways in October of 1928, to Alaska Airways of Fairbanks, Merle 'Mudhole' Smith (the owner of Cordova Airlines), and a Mr. Les Kares.
In 1932 this plane was one of the first to land on Mt. McKinley. The plane crashed in the Wrangell Mountains and was later restored by Mr. Kares, over a 10 year period while living in Montana.
NC5415 was also flown by Joe Crosson, who is regarded as perhaps the greatest pilot in Alaskan aviation history.
This aircraft has quite an accident record with damage reports in March 1938, April 1938, September 1938, and July 1939...
It was sold to The Alaska Aviation Museum in December of 1991.

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

That plane on top is a (1928) Hamilton Metalplane H47, NC7791. That plane was the 21st aircraft purchased by
Northwest Airlines (from St. Paul, Minnesota). Wien Alaska Airlines purchased the Metalplane in 1937 and brought it to Alaska.
Several resouding names in this photo: Wien Alaska, Bennett-Rodebaugh, Cordova Airlines, Reeve Aleutian...
See also my website on Alaska airlines which faded into history on my page Alaska early aviation

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Wisconsin-born Robert (Bob) C. Reeve (March 27, 1902–August 25, 1980) first barnstormed in the 1920s before joining Panagra, the Pan American-affiliated air-mail carrier in South America.
By the mid 1930s, Reeve had established himself as a highly dependable pilot. He hauled mining machinery high into the mountains, landing on glaciers. He handled medical emergencies and delivered fresh fruit to isolated residents. With his fleet of one Fairchild 51, he called himself Reeve Airways. He later added a Fairchild 71 and constantly tinkered with his planes and engines to optimize their performance.

From Valdez, Reeve moved to Fairbanks in time to participate in the military buildup preceding the U.S. involvement in World War II. He regularly flew the Boeing 80A.
In February 1946, Bob Reeve received a call informing him that some ex USAAF C-47s and DC-3s were for sale. Reeve bought his first DC-3, N19906, for $20,000 with $3,000 down and the balance payable over 3 years. The cost of conversion to civilian standard was quoted at $50,000 but Reeve did the work himself at a cost of $5,000.

In July 1946, DC-3 N91016 was purchased from the USAF. In the winter of 1946–47, Reeve filed with the CAA for a license to operate on the 1,783 miles (2,869 km) run between Anchorage and Attu, and in the summer of 1947 he was making weekly flights down the chain. Within a year, he was running a twice-weekly service, keeping all four DC-3s busy.
A strike by sailors on steamships operating between Seattle and Anchorage started on April 6, 1946. Reeve, along with Merritt Boyle and Bill Borland began flying between Seattle and Anchorage, with stops at Juneau, Yakutat or Annette Island. Each trip carried a full load of 21 passengers and took an average of 9½ hours.

On March 24, 1947, Reeve Aleutian Airways was incorporated.
In April 1948, Reeve Aleutian Airways was granted a temporary, five-year airline certificate.
Various types of aircraft were used and traded for yet other or more aircraft.
Issues on operating permits continued, even after 1948, when Reeve Aleutian Airways was granted a temporary, 5-year airline certificate, with the need to run the business on proper business lines (maintain an office, publish schedules and tariffs etc.).

By the mid 1950s, it was apparent that the DC-3s were not big enough for Reeve Aleutian. Therefore, the DC-4 was selected to supplement the DC-3s, eventually replacing them.
In 1957, the Distant Early Warning line was being constructed, bringing a boom to Reeve Aleutian. Merrill Field proved too small for the DC-4, so Reeve Aleutian moved to Anchorage International in 1958.
By the early 1960s, the DC-4 was proving outdated, and therefore a DC-6B was purchased in January 1962.

The late 1960s saw the emergence of the Lockheed L-188 Electra, which was to be backbone of Reeve Aleutian's business from then on.
In 1979, Reeve Aleutian started a service from Cold Bay to Seattle-Tacoma.This service lasted for three and a half years. During that time, only seven flights were cancelled due to weather and two due to mechanical reasons out of 458 scheduled flights. YS-11 N169RV was purchased from the Gabon Government in February 1980.

In December 1983, Reeve Aleutian purchased two Boeing 727-22QC aircraft from Wien Air Alaska.
Reeve Aleutian ceased operations on December 5, 2000, and about 250 people were declared redundant. Reasons given for the situation included increased competition and high fuel prices.

From:
http://alaska.wikia.com/wiki/Bob_Reeve
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reeve_Aleutian_Airways

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

(1934) Waco YKC NC14066.
The name Waco comes from the initials of the original company name, Weaver Aircraft Company, founded in the early 1920s.

This aircraft came to Alaska in Dillingham on 26Nov1939. 'Red' Flensburg established Dillingham Air Service. It was also owned by Bud Branham, who operated Rainy Pass Lodge in the Alaska Range. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Rasmuson.
The Alaska Aviation Museum purchased this aircraft on 02Jan95.

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
(1946) Taylorcraft BC12-D NC43606 (c/n 7265) Jack Carr Service.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Wiley Post and American humorist Will Rogers were killed when Post's aircraft crashed on takeoff from a lagoon near Point Barrow in the Territory of Alaska.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiley_Post

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Alaska's aviation pioneers went through the process of trial-and-error for many aspects of aviation, one of the
critical items were skis for landing on snow, ice and sometimes mud..

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Don Sheldon, the famous glacier pilot.

Donald 'Don' Edward Sheldon (21Nov1921 – 26Jan1975) was a famous Alaskan bush pilot who pioneered the technique of glacier landings in and around Mt. McKinley (Denali) throughout the 1950s and 1960s.
Don was born in Mt. Morrison,CO and grew up in Wyoming; at age 17 he journeyed to Alaska to seek work and adventure.

Although he was already a pilot, Don served in WW2 as a gunner in a B-17 Flying Fortress crew over Europe. There he flew 26 missions and was awarded the DFC and 4 other Air Medals.

From his base in Talkeetna he operated Talkeetna Air Service, which ferried climbers, hunters, fishermen, and others to places inaccessible to ground transportation. Over the years, he assisted in numerous rescue operations, both civilian and military, and was awarded an Alaska Certificate of Achievement for his help.
His planes, which included Piper Super Cubs, Cessna 180s and Aeronca Sedans were equipped with an assortment of landing gear, including skis, floats and large, soft rubber wheels.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_sheldon

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
I was fortunate to make a glacier landing with a flight originating from Talkeetna; ski-equipped planes are
very common here: GLACIER FLIGHT FROM TALKEETNA

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
(1929) Travelair 6000B NC8159.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

(1929) Travelair 6000B NC8159.
This plane was manufactured in 1929. It has a Wright 300HP engine and cruised at 110 mph for about 550 miles with 6 passengers in some comfort.
The AAM Travel Air came to Alaska in 1939 with 'Mudhole' Smith's Cordova Air Service and later belonged to Peck and Rice Airways in Bethel.
A number of pioneer aviators owned NC8159 including Albert Ball, Fred Goff and Al Jones. Restoration, including the original 1929 EDO floats, was done by a team of volunteer mechanics.

Interesting account on Jack Peck, and other pioneering Alaska aviation, can be read on my page about Cordova Airlines..

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
(1929) Travelair 6000B NC8159.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
The Avid Flyer (N621R) is a family of American single engine, high-wing, strut-braced, conventional landing gear-equipped,
two seat ultralight aircraft designed for kit construction in the 1980s.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avid_Flyer

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Stinson L-1 Vigilant liaison aircraft, originally designated 0-49, was the miltary version of the civilian Stinson Model 74.

Between 1939 and 1941, the Army Air Corps ordered 142 L-1s and 182 L-1As with a 13-inch longer fuselage. Equipped with full-span automatic slats on the leading edge of the wings and pilot-operated slotted flaps on the trailing edge. Vigilants were well suited for operations from short fields.

Due to its versatility, the Vigilant was used for a variety of missions both in the U.S. and overseas during WW II, including towing training gliders, artillery spotting, liaison duty, emergency rescue, transporting supplies, special espionage missions behind Japanese lines and even for dropping light bombs. Some Vigilants were converted as ambulance aircraft, sometimes fitted with skis or with floats for water take-offs and landings.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

(1929) KEYSTONE/LOENING Model K-84 N374V (c/n 313)

Flown to Alaska in 1946 by former Governor Jay Hammond, the Loening is one of two existing today.

The Keystone/Loening, model K-84 Commuter, was the last of a line of amphibious aircraft designed by Grover Loening. Loening was the first to design a practical amphibious aircraft. Leroy Grumman was employed by Loening when this aircraft was designed. When Keystone Corp. acquired the Loening Co, Leroy Grumman resigned and formed Grumman Engineering Corp.

The original application for airplane license shows the date of manufacture as 19 February 1930. The aircraft was originally equipped with a Wright R-975A engine, rated at 300 horsepower. Throughout its life, this plane had engine changes normally increasing the horsepower. On June 27, 1946 it was sold to Jay Sterner Hammond of Rupert VT. Jay Hammond moved to Alaska shortly after purchasing this aircraft.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
(1966) Helio H-295 Super Courier N6319V

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Piper PA-18A Super Cub N2869P (18-4459, mfr 1955)

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
identity of this WW1 fighter EMAIL (Refer pic 5505 AAM)
Update Oct.2013: this website http://silverhawkauthor.com/warplane-survivors-alaska_296.html refers to
'Circa Nieuport II, Reg. No. N124AK, 1992, homebuilt.' Googling on this result brought me to
www.antonakis.co.uk/registers/usa/20120806.txt ('United States Changes for the week ending the 6th August 2012') which offered the following info:
Reg: N124AK
Manufacturer: RONDA DONALD E - Type: CIRCA NIEUPORT II - CN: 00560 - Hex: A06298 Date: ...
Old Owner: RONDA DONALD E New Owner: SALE REPORTED
Address: 4721 AIRCRAFT DR, ANCHORAGE, AK, 995021080, US.

A check with FAA's N-inquiry website (10Oct2013) for N124AK had the same info for manufacturer, so obvious a homebuilt, but owner reg's as Alaska Aviation Heritage Museum with its certificate issued 06Mar2013.

Intrigued by the description 'Circa Nieuport II' I continued my search and found it on WIKIPEDIA:
"The Circa Reproductions Nieuports are a family of Canadian 7/8 scale World War I sesquiplane aircraft replicas designed by Graham Lee of Lamont, Alberta for amateur construction from plans sold by Lee's company Circa Reproductions.
Leading Edge Air Foils of Peyton, Colorado at one time also made construction kits available. Lee's Nieuports were amongst the earliest First World War replicas available and paved the way for later companies to produce plans and kits for a great variety of warbirds."

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
An early flight simulator; we have better facilities at home these days!

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Would welcome identity of these 'future projects' EMAIL (Refer pic 5511 AAM)

Plenty of mysteries here, but could it be the 1929 Bellanca Pacemaker CH300 NC168N?
This aircraft first flew in Alaska in 1934 with Star Airways. It crashed in Rainy Pass in 1946 and was retrieved by Warren Magnuson several years ago. Acquired by the museum through a trade, the Bellanca is one of 6 known to exist.
Photos of NC168N in working days can be found on Lars Opland's page on this website

Maybe one of these are candidates of the above photo too: like the (1942) Stinson L5 Sentinel.
It was dDonated by Chuck Hughes in 1993, the Stinson L5 was produced for the U.S. Army Air Corps as a liaison and communications aircraft.
Or perhaps the (1943) Cessna T-50 'Bushmaster' NC30023..?

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Would welcome identity of this 'future project' (hanging) EMAIL (Refer pic 5512 AAM)
The 'chopper' is Bell UH-1H 65-12849. Hanging there is a unique historic survivor:
(1928) Fairchild FC-2W2 NC7034
It was flown by Bob Reeve in the 1940's and used by him on famous glacier flights; one of six known to exist.
Photo on Lars Opland's page on my website shows it in better days!

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

1937 Stinston SR-9 Reliant NC18419.
Hanging there is a 1935 Bellanca Sr. Pacemaker; one of two examples surviving, the Senior Pacemaker is an improved version of the CH300 Bellanca Pacemaker.
Although only the bare airframe survives today, this aircraft once flew with Pollack Air Service and Alaska Airlines.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Would welcome identity of this 'future project' EMAIL (Refer pic 5514 AAM)
The tail above shows N1047B, this is Beech UC-45F Expeditor (c/n 7728).


Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
(1933) WACO UIC N13409 (on loan from Alaska State Museum,AK)
Lars Opland sent me a photo, in a complete state, when it still resided at Wasilla's Transportation Museum, HERE..

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

(1944) Noorduyn Norseman NC725E awaiting restoration.
At least this new tented hangar shelters it from the weather!
Manufactured by Canadian Car and Foundry Co. to transport troops during WWII, the Norseman later joined the US Fish and Wildlife Service before coming to Alaska with Northern Consolidated Airlines in 1951. Interior Airways purchased the aircraft in 1955 to use during the construction of the DEW (Distant Early Warning, a defense system) line and for other bush flying.
Donated by the Fairbanks North Star Borough and Jim and Dottie Magoffin.

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Would welcome identity of this 'future project' EMAIL (Refer pic 5518 AAM)


 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
A brilliant restoration is in progress here, a truly unique and famous pioneering aircraft of Alaska!
Fairchild Pilgrim 100-A N709Y, the last remaining Pilgrim in the world!

See below for more information. I'll be sure to check up on it on a future visit!

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
You'll find a photo on my page Photos by Friends & Guests (37) where it seems (almost?) completed!

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Front fuselage of a Sikorsky S-43, NC15062 (serial 4302), was owned at one time by Reeve Aleutian Airways.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

(1944) Grumman Goose G21A N789
The Grumman Goose was originally designed as a commuter plane for wealthy businessmen and sportsman located in and around New York City The aircraft first few in 1937 and was in production until 1945.

This aircraft, Grumman JRF-5, Navy BuNo.84807 was accepted by the Navy at the Grumman factory in Bethpage,NY on 29Nov1944.
N789 was in service with the US Navy until being surplused to the US Fish & Wildlife Service in 1956. The immortal Grumman has flown all over Alaska from the Aleutian Islands to the Arctic Ocean throughout its service life. The Goose, N789, was donated to the Alaska Aviation Heritage Museum by the US Department of Interior in 1997.

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

(1943) Grumman G-44 Super Widgeon N13122
The Widgeon is the smallest member of the Grumman family of amphibious aircraft and was originally intended for the civil market. The first prototype flew in 1940 and over 200 Widgeons were built between 1941 to 1948.

A Widgeon flying out of Houma, Louisiana was credited, in August 1942, with sinking the first German submarine sunk by the U.S. Coast Guard!

The museum's Widgeon was built in 1943. Its military record and history prior to 1967 is unknown, except that it was on the Canadian registry for a period of time. In 1967 it returned to the States and was modified by McKinnon Enterprises to become a "Super Widgeon". Improvements included two Lycoming GO-480 engines, Hartzell 3 bladed propellers, metalized wings and flaps, and an increase in gross weight to 5500 lbs.

N13122 was donated to the Museum by Mr. and Mrs. James Magoffin who were owners and founders of Interior Airways, Alaska International Air, and MarkAir.
It was the Magoffins personal aircraft and they enjoyed flying it throughout Alaska, Canada, and the Lower 48.

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

1943 PBY 5A (Catalina) Canso
The Canso on display here was built in Canada by the Canadian Vickers company.
It had hydraulically actuated tricycle landing gear for amphibious operations. This model had a bow turret with twin 30 caliber machine guns and self sealing fuel tanks. During WW2 it was used in anti-submarine patrol, observation, search and rescue.
While operating with the 10th Rescue Squadron in 1947 at Elmendorf Air Force Base, the AAM Catalina made an emergency landing, due to engine failure, at Dago Lake on the Alaska Peninsula.
The lake was too shallow for the plane to receive repairs and then take off. Declared government surplus, it was purchased by the R.S. Richards family, stripped of parts and left at Dago Lake until 1984.

A gigantic recovery project conducted by the National Guard and the AAM volunteers finally brought the huge amphibian to the museum utilizing 2 Alaska helicopter operations in 1984 and 1987. This operation was captured in a film, called 'The Queen of Dago Lake'.
Photos on www.alaskaairmuseum.org

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

 

 

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood

Stinson SR-1O/V-77 Gullwing N79458.
The Stinson Aircraft Company was founded in 1920 by Edward Stinson.

In 1925 the company moved to Detroit from Dayton and proceeded to produce more than 13,000 aircraft during the next 30 years. One of the most successful models built was the Reliant, more commonly known as the "Gullwing". 1,327 Reliants were manufactured from 1933 into the 1940's.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
After WW2 many Reliants found their way to airlines such as Northern Consolidated, Wien Airlines, Alaska Airlines
and Munz Northern Airline.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Tribute to Northern Air Cargo's Bobby and Rita Sholton.
A after they sold NAC the days of the Sixes with NAC were numbered, but that is the way business has to run its course

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
Esspecially that line up of all the DC-6s will be remembered as a glorious time by Big Prop fans!

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
'Jetliner' equipment now take care of business with NAC.

Alaska Aviation Museum, Lake Hood
(1953) Douglas DC-6 N43872, ex/ Northern Air Cargo.
Although the DC-6 had the same wingspan as the DC-4, its engines helped it fly 90 mph faster than the DC-4,
carry 3,000 pounds more payload and fly 850 miles farther. Its cargo hauling days over, it deserves a prominent
place in the Alaska Aviation Museum.

John Benton added (july 2012): "N43872 is former USAF 53-3294".

 

See also my webpage on a visit in 2003 here, to ALASKA AVIATION MUSEUM 2003

 

Anchorage map
Anchorage map, showing the close proximity of the airport and seaplane operations, as well as the museum.

 

 

Most of the information provided here came from: Alaska Aviation Museum website

Two contributors have shared historic aviation images: LARS OPLAND AND PHIL SMITH

 

 

 

 

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USA 2012

'Pacific Northwest & Alaska'

 

 

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