The following batch was added 08Apr2017
Douglas C-74 Globemaster I HP385 (c/n 13915), untitled but probably reg'd to Aeronaves de Panama.
Mike McHugh: "HP385 is seen here at Heathrow".
Named 'Heracles', a name which was later also used on another C-74 (HP-367). In 1963 this very rare
aircraft crashed shortly after take-off from Marseilles, France. Ex USAF 42-65404.
From Aviation Safety Network (ASN): "(09Oct1963) The aircraft took off at night on runway 14,
having misunderstood the ATC clearance which was runway 32. The plane crashed approx 7 NM south of
the airport, hitting 800 ft high terrain only 15/20 feet below the summit. All 6 occupants fatal."
For the limited civilian use of these humongous aircraft, I can recommend reading Flying Cowboys by Tad Houlihan!
The Douglas C-74 Globemaster was a United States heavy-lift cargo aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company in Long Beach, California.
The aircraft was developed after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The long distances across the Atlantic and, especially, Pacific oceans to combat areas indicated a need for a transoceanic heavy-lift military transport aircraft.
Douglas Aircraft Company responded in 1942 with a giant four-engined design. Development and production modifications issues with the aircraft caused the first flight to be delayed until 5 September 1945, and production was limited to 14 aircraft when the production contract was canceled following V-J Day.
During the Berlin Airlift, a single Globemaster (42-65414) arrived at Rhein-Main Air Base on 14 August 1948 and landed for the first time on 17 August at Berlin's Gatow Airfield in the British sector carrying 20 tons of flour. Over the next six weeks, the Globemaster crew flew 24 missions into the city delivering 1,234,000 lb (559,700 kg) of supplies. Several airlift records were set by the crew in 414 during Operation Vittles.
The invasion of the Republic of Korea by North Korea began another supporting phase of the C-74's career.
From 1 July–December 1950, the Globemasters logged over 7,000 hours in flights to Hawaii hauling troops and high priority cargo west toward the Korean War and returning eastward with wounded GIs.
Retirement from military service:
Most of the C-74s in storage at Davis-Monthan AFB were scrapped in 1965, although four wound up in civilian hands, mostly owned by Aeronaves de Panama (holding company for "Air Systems"). The National Museum of the United States Air Force scrapped the last vestige of Air Force Globemaster I's when they relegated the YC-124C, 48-795
(the prototype of the Globemaster II which had been converted from C-74, 42-65406* - see remark further down) to fire-fighting training in 1969.
- 42-65404 was sold on the civilian market as N3182G. It wound up in Panama as Aeronaves de Panama HP-385. It flew in Europe and to Middle East frequently but crashed near Marseilles, France on 9 October 1963, with six on board killed. After the crash, Aeronaves de Panama's licence to operate from Denmark was withdrawn, and the airline went out of business.
A layman's account of travel on aircraft 42-65404, christened 'Herakles' by its owners, in the months before its fatal crash is offered by veterinarian/author who was on board the aircraft. In monitoring the health of a cargo of 40 pedigree English cows and heifers from Gatwick/London to Istanbul on 8–9 August 1963, he noted its bald tires, worn instruments, jammed loading hoist and undercarriage which did not properly retract... The starboard inboard engine caught fire en route to Istanbul, and the crippled aircraft barely cleared the Alps on a return trip to Copenhagen for repairs.
- 42-65408 was sold on the civilian market on 24 March 1959 as N8199H, owned by Akros Dynamic. It was flown to Cuba in an attempt to sell it to the new Castro government.
It later was moved to Panama as Aeronaves de Panama HP-367. It flew in Europe and to Middle East frequently. Abandoned after the airline went out of business in 1963, and dismantled at Milan, Italy in August 1972; it was the last surviving Globemaster.
- 42-65409 was sold on the civilian market in 1956 as N3181G. After reconditioning, it wound up in Panama as Aeronaves de Panama HP-379.
It flew in Europe and to Middle East frequently carrying live cattle from Copenhagen to the Middle East. It was abandoned at Milan, Italy in 1969 and appeared in the 1969 movie 'The Italian Job'. It was painted in the colors of the fictitious Communist Chinese Civil Aviation Airlines that delivered the gold to FIAT in Turin. Later moved to Turin airport, it caught fire while on public display on 11 June 1970 and again on 24 September 1970 while it was being salvaged, this time killing two salvage workers.
None of the Aeronaves de Panama C-74s ever came to Panama. Instead they were intended for cattle flights from Copenhagen. For a detailed account of these operations, read Flying Cowboys by Tad Houlihan.
I can recommend that book, truly a great read! (RL, webmaster)
- 42-65412 was sold on the civilian market in 1956 as N3183G. She was dismantled at Long Beach, California in 1964.
The above from Wikipedia, more...
*) Note that Wikipedia is in error on the relation between 48-795 and 42-65406!
C-74 42-65406 was converted to prototype YC-124 42-65406 (later upgraded to YC-124A). Reserialling to 48-795
48-795 was the first production C-124A and a totally different aircraft than 42-65406.
I have to thank Glenn Chatfield for pointing this out to me. This error is much repeated apparently online. As this website testifies and also JoeBaugher.com states:
48-795 Douglas C-124A Globemaster II msn 43160. Built from scratch (was not converted from C-74 42-65406). Never fitted with radome. Had R-4360-35 engines and Hamilton Standard 3 blade props.
Glenn wrote: " I don’t know how things like that get started, but it took me a while to get it all figured out in my research.
One thing that helped me was that the plane sitting at the Air Force Museum still had the old s/n, and then I found a photo of 48-795 taken during the time the YC-124 was at the museum, which meant they couldn’t be the same plane!"
Handley Page HP.82 Hermes 5 G-ALEU (c/n 82.01)
According to ATDB.aero it was last operated by British Ministry
of Supply and destroyed at Chilbolton,UK (no date).
We turn again to Aviation-Safety Network
(ASN) for an event that may have concluded the career of G-ALEU:
"HP-82 Hermes V, G-ALEU c/n HP.82/1 -10Apr1951- The Hermes V G-ALEU was on a test flight when the no. 3
engine oversped. The propeller was feathered. The no. 1 and no. 4 engines then also suddenly failed.
An emergency belly landing was carried out in a waterlogged field."
The Handley Page HP.81 Hermes was a British civilian airliner built by Handley Page in the 1940s and 1950s. Closely related to Handley Page's Hastings military transport, the Hermes was a low-wing monoplane powered by four piston engines.
Twenty-nine were built, serving briefly with BOAC in the early 1950s and later with several charter airlines.
It was intended to introduce the Hermes before the Hastings, but production was delayed after the first prototype (HP 68 Hermes 1), registered G-AGSS, crashed on its maiden flight shortly after takeoff on 02Dec1945.
Handley Page's chief test pilot and the chief test observer were both killed.
Development of the civil Hermes was delayed to resolve the instability that caused the accident to the first prototype, and the chance was taken to lengthen the second prototype, producing the HP 74 Hermes II (G-AGUB), first flying on 02Sep1947.
Meanwhile, orders were placed on 04Feb1947 for 25 of the definitive HP 81 Hermes IV, fitted with a tricycle undercarriage and powered by 2,100 hp (1,570 kW) Bristol Hercules 763 engines, for BOAC and two HP Hermes V, powered by the Bristol Theseus turboprop engines.
Handley Page HPR-1 Marathon 1A G-AMHR (c/n 129) of Derby Airways
The four-engine, triple fin, airliner originated as the Miles M.60 Marathon. Built by Handley Page at Reading. 'Monsal Dale' served West African Airways as VR-NAR then Derby Aviation (later British Midland) from Oct.1955 until withdrawal in Oct.1960.
I found something on Derby A/w in the Wikipedia page on British Midlands Int'l, which had its head office at Donington Hall in Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire, near Derby:
"The airline dates back to 1938, when Captain Roy Harben established Air Schools Limited as a school for training pilots of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Captain Harben had been approached by the Derby Corporation to run a new aerodrome under construction near Burnaston, which was planned to eventually become an airport. Sir Kingsley Wood, the Secretary of State for Air, officially opened the aerodrome as Derby Municipal Airport on 17Jun1939. Military flying training continued at the airport throughout the war.
Air Schools Limited formed a parent company, Derby Aviation Limited, in 1946, and Harben died the following year of a heart attack. His wife remained the controlling shareholder of the business and asked E. W. Phillips, who had been involved in running the flying school with Captain Harben, to become the new managing director.
The new parent company also incorporated Wolverhampton Aviation, based at Pendeford, which offered ad hoc charter and freight flights with de Havilland Dragon Rapides, as well as aircraft maintenance and brokerage.
In 1953, Derby Aviation ceased flying training, following the award of a licence to operate scheduled flights from Burnaston and Wolverhampton to Jersey. Flights in each direction were required to land at Elmdon Airport in Birmingham to allow passengers to clear customs. The first flight was made on 18Jul53, using a Dragon Rapide.
The following year, Wolverhampton Aviation was merged into Derby Aviation, and, in 1955, the company purchased its first Douglas DC-3, a converted former military transport.
International services to Ostend commenced in 1956, and flights carrying holidaymakers from the UK to mainland Europe began as well.
The company was also contracted by Rolls-Royce to transport aero engines to customers all over the world.
In 1959, Derby Aviation formed Derby Airways as its airline business and introduced a new livery incorporating the new airline's name. Domestic scheduled flights within the United Kingdom began the same year.
On 1 October 1964, after buying the Manchester Airport-based scheduled and charter airline Mercury Airlines, the company changed its name to British Midland Airways (BMA) and moved operations from Burnaston to the recently opened East Midlands Airport.
The corporate colours of blue and white were adopted at that time, along with the first turboprop aircraft, a Handley Page Dart Herald.
Or as Atdb.aero has it:
DC-3 N62046 Hawaiian Airlines
I have to assume that Bill Hill acquired this photo or negative from a correspondent (I fondly remember exchanging
photos/slides/negatives with correspondents all over the world during 1970s-1980s -Webmaster), or perhaps
N62046 staged through the UK at some point...
Pity the background offers little details to identify the location.
N62046 is Douglas C-53 c/n 4816, ex/ USAF 41-20046.
What happened to this DC-3 is uncertain though ATDB.aero offers a clue:
DC-6B TF-ISC c/n 43744 Icelandair / Flugfelag Islands.
From ATDB.aero I have the following history for c/n 43744: SAS OY-KME, to Thai Airways Int'l HS-TGA,
to Icelandair TF-ISC (via SAS? -see Petur's note below), to Concare Aircraft Leasing N19CA (converted to
DC-6B in 1973), to New World Air Charter N19CA. Destroyed July 1979 at NIC Nicosia-Lakatamia
(wreck trucked 10/96 from Nicosia).
Petur P. Johnson offered the following on TF-ISC (Oct.2017): HS-TGA was returned to SAS after end of lease and reregistered as OY-KME. In March 1961 it was leased to Icelandair, as OY-KME. It was purchased from SAS and registered to Icelandair as TF-ISC 'Skýfaxi' on 08Jun1961, registry cancelled 26Feb1973, to N19CA.'
Convair CV440 EC-AMU (c/n 404). Mike McHugh:"looks like it is at Heathrow."
From ATDB.aero I have the following history for c/n 404: Iberia EC-AMU (based Santa Isabel, Fernando Poo Aug.1968-Nov.1968), to SN Brussels AL OO-TVG (rereg'd OO-VGT), to Rhineair but acquisition cancelled, to American Inter-Island / American AL Inter-Island N44825, to Air Resorts Airlines N4825 and at some point
scrapped at Carlsbad-McClellan/Palomar in California.
Convair CV440 Metropolitan EC-AMV
(c/n 405). Seen at Heathrow, according to Mike McHugh.
From ATDB.aero I have the following history for c/n 405: Iberia EC-AMV, to Fuerza Aérea Española as T.14-3
to Interestatal de Aviación XA-LUT AW Int'l (Airways International a.k.a. YAC Aircraft, operated 1983-1984) N2954J, to Transalfa CP-1961, to NACIF Transportes Aéreos CP-1961.
Destroyed 21Aug1992 at LPB (El Alto Int'l Airport (ICAO: SLLP) is an int'l airport located in the city of El Alto, Bolivia, 13 km SW of La Paz) near Mt.Chacaltaya, Colorado, Bolivia.
From ASN database: 'CP-1961 was descending for La Paz in poor weather over mountains when it flew into Chacaltaya Mountain at FL150. Chacaltaya is a glacierial mountain range in Bolivia with an elevation of 5421 m (17,785 feet).'
Lockheed Super Constellation of Iberia
The registration is difficult to make out, Iberia operated 1 L.1049H (c/n 4825, EC-ARN) and 11 L.1049G's. My money would be on EC-AQN (c/n 4645) or ER-AQM
(c/n 4644) or EC-ARN (c/n 4678).
EC-AQN was ex/ KLM PH-LKK, EC-AQM also ex/ KLM PH-LKI and EC-ERN was ex Guest AV México XA-NAF.
Lockheed Super Constellation, most likely EC-AMP, of Iberia
L.1049G EC-AMP had c/n
4673, was leased by Aviaco and left Spain for Int'l Aerodyne, to become N8021.
It was destroyed at Capitan Vicente Almando, La Rioja, Argentina 06Jun1970 (From ATDB.aero)
Aviation Safety Nework (ASN) has: 06jun70 N8021 'On landing the gear collapsed, and the aircraft caught fire.
Five occupants, none fatal. La Rioja Airport, Argentina. Written off (damaged beyond repair)'.
ATDB.aero has various airlines all over the world having operated as Holiday Air, Holiday Airways or Holiday Airlines.
Holiday Airlines (1965-1975, entered bankrupcy on 5/2/75.) of Oakland,CA seemed the best option,
considering I was looking for a US operator with a DC-6 in its fleet. Fortunately this air operator had only
1 DC-6 in its fleet: N90705 and looking at the photo again this seemed indeed very likely.
N90705 c/n 42858 started its career with American Airlines N90705, to TAN Honduras HR-TNI, to FB Ayer N90705, to Ecuatoriana HC-AMZ (unused?), from FB Ayer N90705 to Holiday Airlines, to Intermountain Aviation N90705, to Mackey Int'l Airlines N90705. Scrapped at Ft.Lauderdale,FL.